SUFIS OF KARNATAKA
Sufism is a unique phenomenon
that has sprung from Islam and has its admirers all over the world.
Sufism has many orders such
as chistiya, quadriya, naqsbandiya and Suhrawardiya. These orders have a
number of silsilahs among them. These are led by Sufi saints who lived
in ‘khanqahs’ or hospieces along with their disciples. Hazarat Khwaja Bande
Nawaz Gesu Daraz, (1321-1422) a great Sufi saint belonging to the chishtiya
order has created a centre of Sufi culture at
Khwaja Bande Navaz Dargah is the tomb of the great saint. It continues to be a place of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Muslims. It is a great symbol of religious harmony.
Bijapur is another very important Sufi centre in Karnataka. There are thousands Sufis buried in Bijapur and near by places belonging to different orders of Silsilas like Chistia, Qadiria, Shuttaria, Haidaria, Naqshbandia, Soharwardia etc. Hazrath Khwaja Ameen Uddin Ali Aala Sher-e-Khuda Chisty, Hazrath Ainuddin Ganjul Uloom, Hazrath Shamshul Ushaq, Hazrat Sayyed Shah Moulana Qutub-ul-Aktaab Haashim Peer Dastageer, Hazrath Syed Jaffer Sakaf Qadri Muqbil Sadath and Hazrath Sheikh Hameed Qadri are some of the important Sufis of Bijapur.
Bababudagiri is another
important Sufi shrine in Karnataka. Dada Hayath Mir Khalander was a great Sufi,
revered by both Muslims and Hindus in
There are a number of dargahs related to Sufi saints in Bangalaore also. Dargah Shariff of Soharwardiya Sufi saint Hazrat Tawakkal Mastan Baba, dargah of Quadira Sufi saint Hazrat Mohiuddin Shah Quadri, (also known as Hazrat Kambal Poshah) dargah of the Chishtiya Sufi saint Hazrat Khwaja Mehboob Ali Shah Chishti are among the better known dargahs.
There are many more dargahs present all over Karnataka and all of them have devotees belonging to Hindu and Muslim religions.
The influence of Sufism is not confined to religious harmony. It has had a positive effect on Kannada literature also. Folk forms such as Kalgi-tura ballads, rivaayath songs etc exhibit a blend of these religions in their thematic and formal concerns.
Sufis sants of Karnataka have thrived unceasingly to bring about a unity between Hindus and Muslims. Their teachings transcend the boundaries of caste and creed. They have preache religiousharmony and human values. Sufism has done a lot to allieivate the antagonism that prevailed between these two religions particularly among the lower strata of the society,
Further Readings and Links
1. ‘The Sufis of Bijapur’, 1300-1700, Volume 1, Richard Maxwell Eaton, 1972, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
2. ‘Karnatakada Sufigalu’ By Rahamath Tarikere, 1998, Kannada University, Hampi.
3. http://www.aulia-e-hind.com/dargah/Bijapur.htm ((Contains very good photographs and information about the dargahs in Bijapur)
4. http://www.aulia-e-hind.com/dargah/Gulbarga.htm (Contains very good photographs and information about the dargahs in Gulbarga”